Exploring Music's Complexities

Music Theory rss

Review of the theoretical elements of music including sound and pitch, rhythm, melody, harmony, and notation.

reading notes

Music and Mathematics

May 29, 2019

Study of Sound Music and mathematics, can they be classified into the same category?  To make music, you must know how to break “sound” into elements of pitch, rhythm and tempo (1). Science teaches us that sound is vibration, and the frequency of vibration is what makes different sounds. Music then is the study of… Read More ›

Inventions and Fugues

What are They   Inventions and fugues are compositional forms dating back to 16th century.  They are novel compositions that don’t fit established categories.  It is thought that Clement Jandquin first used the term  invention in Premier livre des inventions musicales (1555; “First Book of Musical Inventions”) (1).  Today the terms are associated with Bach and… Read More ›

Introducing John Milton Cage, Jr.

John Milton Cage The early road to contemporary music is paved with the works of John M. Cage, an American avanat-garde composer whose works display inventiveness and unorthodox ideas. A college dropout, Cage traveled to Europe where he fell in love with abstract art and music.  His career in music began by teaching ladies about… Read More ›

Introduction to Intervals

Melodic and Harmonic Intervals Scales Understanding intervals begins with an understanding of scales. Benjamin Hollis defines a scale as a group of pitches (scale degrees) arranged in either ascending or descending order. These pitches span an octave (1). In Western music a major scale consists of seven different pitches. There are half steps between the… Read More ›

non-western concepts

Overview of Non-Western Music

  Comparing Western Music With Non-Western Music One of the first things you will probably note when researching Non-Western Music is the scarcity of information. Unlike Western music, Non-Western music grew out of environments or cultures that did not require the development of commonly accepted standards for tuning. The Western tuning agreements developed over time… Read More ›


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