Exploring Music's Complexities

What is Musical Form?

What is Musical Form?

Over the past several weeks these posts have attempted to further the reader’s interest in music theory. To date, the basic elements of music covered include rhythm, melody, harmony and dynamics. Taken individually each of these basic elements plays an important role in building a piece of music. Together they provide the material to produce a form of music. The following pages will attempt to provide insight into how one can become able to recognize the architecture to a piece of music as one listens.

What is Form?

It is generally accepted that music is the most difficult of the arts to define because of the subtle way it paints diverse moods and effects. Musical forms range from the simplest to the very complex. The Music Catalog at Yale lists over 70 musical forms in its basic glossary of musical terms (1). In the Western culture it is fairly easy to grasp the form of short and simple pieces such as verses of a refrain of pop songs. Classical music tends to contain longer, more complex forms that require a familiarity with the piece upon repeated hearings.

As noted above, form describes the overall structure of a piece of music (3). The Oxford Companion to Music (10thed) defines musical form as a “series of strategies designed to find a successful means between the opposite extremes of unrelieved repetition and unrelieved alteration” (3). Musicologist Richard Middleton describes form through repetition and difference: Difference is the distance moved from a repeat: A repeat being the smallest difference (2).

In simpler terms, every piece of music has an overall structure. While form is made up of rhythm, melody and harmony they can offer a great range of complexity from a verse to a sonata (1).

Wonderful clues to understanding a composition are presented by Professor Brandt’s “Sound Reasoning” course (2). The term music form describes the layout of a composition as divided into sections (3). Brandt suggests, “Informed listening begins with a grasp of the whole composition.” From here he suggests “moving from the whole into the details.” The smallest sections of a piece of music deals with the way musical phases are organized, such as a verse of a song.

There are two ways to describe a piece of music. One is labeling each large section with a letter. The other occurs when a musical form becomes so popular with composers that it is given a name (4). This also applies to many genres of music that tend to follow a preset form such as with “pop songs” or symphony form.

Labeling Music Forms with Letters

When labeling music forms with letters the major section would be labeled with an A. If the subsequent sections are exactly the same as the first it would also be labeled A. If these sections differ in some important way it would be labeled A’ (A prime). The first section that is quite different from A is labeled B with the sections that are like it with B, B’ and so forth. Sections that differ from A or B are labeled C and so on. Listen to samples of these various forms below.  .Recognition of sections is pretty easy with familiar kinds of music. If the piece, regardless of the genre, is unfamiliar, listen for repetition, changes in the rhythm, melody, and harmony. Listen for verses, refrains, bridges and instrumentals. Verses will have the same melody and the same words. Bridge sections will contain new material late in the song and frequently leading into the refrain.

Many musical forms can be produced with repetition, contrast and variation. A few common forms include:

Strophic – A AAA etc. – In this form the music is repeated sections with fairly small changes.

World On A String

 

 

 Binary – AB – Two different sections common in Western music

Pathless Journey

 

 

Ternary – ABA – Contains three main sections

When You Wish

 

 

 

Rondo – ABACA – One section returns over and over with a section of new music before each return

In Heavenly Peace

 

 

Sonata – sonata allegro first movement form, compound binary, ternary and a variety of other names

When You Wish

 

Theme & Variations – AA1A2A3A4 – (Baroque-Classical) A set of variations based on a theme

In Heavenly Peace

 

Brandt states the prime articulates of form are rhythm and texture (2). If you determine the rhythm and texture sound the same you are probably listening to an A Form of music. If you hear changes in either of these elements you are listening AB From More detail regarding these and other forms a comprehensive description of these and other forms log may be found at http://cnx.org/content/m11643/latest/

What has been described and listened to above relates to the extensional form of music construction. Following these traditions a composer will use theme and variations, counterpoint, and tonality to outwardly build a diachronically and synchronically musical form.

Much Contemporary music doesn’t follow these traditions. Abandoning the traditional form construction composers may choose not to combine musical units through space and time. According to http://www.wordiQ.com, more segmented approaches are being used through the use of stratification, superimposition, juxtaposition, interpolation, and other interruptions and simultaneities. (5). All existing genres and sub-types of the Afro-American tradition show various forms of combined traditional form and “intensional” development (5).

So, what does this all mean to a music lover? Bottom line is: While it isn’t necessary to recognize a piece of music’s form it helps the listener enjoy the music more.

References

1. Music Cataloging at Yale Music cataloging resources taken in part from the glossary of the The Classical Music Navigator by Charles H. Smith

2. Brandt Anthony. Sound Reasoning – Connexions (www.cnx.org/content/col10214)

3. Scholes Percy A. (1977). “Form”. The Oxford Companion to Music (10ed) Oxfore University Press.

4. wordiQ.com. Form (music) – Definition

5. Schmidt-Jones Catherine. Form in Music. Connexions. Retrieved March 7, 2012. http://cnx.org/content//ml10842/latest/

Links

Brandt Anthony. Sound Reasoning – Connexions (www.cnx.org/content/col10214)

Kelley Robert T. Study Guide for Musical Form A Complete Outline of Standardized Formal Categories and Concepts. (http://wwwstudent.furman.edu/users/r/rkelley/form.html)

http://www.wonderofsound.com.

If you haven’t visited our catalog in a while, please take a few minutes to note the new direction some of our music is taking, Of course, we welcome any and all feedback by contacting us at relax@wonderofsound.com.

Purchase music from ITunes, Amazon.com or http://www.wonderofsound.com.

Tagged as: , , , , , ,

134 Responses

  1. A big thank you for your article.Really thank you! Keep writing.

    Like

  2. wonderful put up, very informative. I’m wondering why the opposite specialists of this sector don’t understand this.
    You must proceed your writing. I am sure, you have a
    great readers’ base already!

    Like

  3. I like reading through a post that can make people think.
    Also, thank you for permitting me to comment!

    Like

  4. Quality articles or reviews is the key to interest the users to
    pay a visit the site, that’s what this web site
    is providing.

    Like

  5. I’m glad to be one of many visitors on this outstanding site.
    thanks for posting.

    Like

  6. Hey there! I just found your web site: Musical Form |
    Music Notes from Wonder of Sound when I was browsing digg.com.

    It looks as though someone liked your website so much they decided to bookmark it.
    I’ll definitely be coming back here more often.

    Like

  7. Everyone loves it whenever people get together and share thoughts.
    Great site, keep it up!

    Like

  8. I really like your writing style, good information, thank
    you for posting.

    Like

  9. there is no way to prevent the annoyance if you allow comments. It’s too ad but that’s the way it is.

    Like

  10. Hello, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and
    i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam feedback?
    If so how do you prevent it, any plugin or
    anything you can advise? I get so much lately it’s driving me
    mad so any help is very much appreciated.

    Like

  11. I’m not that much of a internet reader to be honest but your blogs really nice, keep
    it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to come back in the future.

    Many thanks

    Like

  12. I love it when people get together and share opinions.
    Great blog, continue the good work!

    Like

  13. Hello friends, its fantastic post about cultureand entirely defined, keep it up all the
    time.

    Like

  14. Hi everyone, it’s my first visit at this website, and paragraph is genuinely fruitful for me, keep up posting such content.

    Like

  15. Saved as a favorite, I love your blog!

    Like

  16. Everything is very open with a very clear description of the issues.

    It was definitely informative. Your site is extremely
    helpful. Thank you for sharing!

    Like

  17. There is definately a lot to know about this subject.

    I love all the points you made.

    Like

  18. This post is priceless. When can I find out more?

    Like

  19. Hi, this weekend is pleasant for me, as
    this occasion i am reading this fantastic educational piece of
    writing here at my house.

    Like

  20. Hi! I’ve been reading your website for a while now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from Kingwood Tx!
    Just wanted to mention keep up the fantastic
    work!

    Like

  21. I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your blogs really nice,
    keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to come
    back later. Cheers

    Like

  22. It’s remarkable for me to have a web page, which is useful designed for my knowledge.

    thanks admin

    Like

  23. Hi there, You’ve done an excellent job. I will certainly digg it and personally suggest
    to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this web site.

    Like

  24. Follow directions on Home page Music Matters

    Like

  25. I’ll immediately clutch your rss as I can not to find your email subscription link or e-newsletter service.
    Do you have any? Please let me recognize in order
    that I could subscribe. Thanks.

    Like

  26. Hi it’s me, I am also visiting this web site regularly, this web page is
    in fact fastidious and the people are truly sharing pleasant thoughts.

    Like

  27. Heya i’m for the first time here. I found this board and I find
    It truly useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and help others like you aided me.

    Like

  28. There is definately a great deal to learn about this subject.

    I like all of the points you have made.

    Like

  29. Log onto wordPress and ask

    Like

  30. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d most certainly donate to this excellent blog!

    I suppose for now i’ll settle for book-marking and
    adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to new
    updates and will share this blog with my Facebook group.

    Talk soon!

    Like

  31. What’s up everyone, it’s my first pay a quick visit at this site,
    and article is genuinely fruitful in favor of me, keep up posting such posts.

    Like

  32. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of
    any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping
    maybe you would have some experience with something like this.
    Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy
    reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

    Like

  33. Hey! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us so I came to
    look it over. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m book-marking and will be
    tweeting this to my followers! Exceptional blog and excellent
    style and design.

    Like

  34. Excellent goods from you, man. I have understand your
    stuff previous to and you’re just too fantastic. I actually like what you
    have acquired here, certainly like what you are saying and
    the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still take care
    of to keep it wise. I cant wait to read much more from you.
    This is really a tremendous web site.

    Like

  35. You are so awesome! I don’t think I’ve read through anything like this before.
    So nice to discover somebody with original thoughts on this topic.
    Really.. thanks for starting this up. This site is one thing
    that is required on the internet, someone with a little originality!

    Like

  36. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know a lot about this, like you wrote the book in it or something.
    I think that you can do with a few pics to drive the message home a bit, but instead of that, this is great blog.
    An excellent read. I will definitely be back.

    Like

  37. Hello There. I found your weblog using msn. This is
    an extremely neatly written article. I will make sure to bookmark it and return to
    read extra of your useful information. Thank you
    for the post. I’ll certainly return.

    Like

  38. Hello! Quick question that’s entirely off topic.
    Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?
    My weblog looks weird when viewing from my iphone 4.
    I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to correct this
    issue. If you have any suggestions, please share.
    Appreciate it!

    Like

  39. I was able to find good advice from your content.

    Like

  40. Your mode of telling the whole thing in this post is in fact fastidious,
    every one can effortlessly understand it, Thanks a
    lot.

    Like

  41. I have been surfing on-line greater than three hours
    these days, yet I by no means found any interesting article like yours.
    It’s beautiful price sufficient for me. In my
    view, if all website owners and bloggers made just right content material as you did, the
    web will be a lot more useful than ever before.

    Like

  42. I am genuinely pleased to read this webpage posts which carries tons of useful data, thanks for providing
    these data.

    Like

  43. This blog was… how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something which helped me.
    Thanks!

    Like

  44. Greetings from Carolina! I’m bored to death at work so
    I decided to check out your blog on my iphone during lunch break.

    I love the info you provide here and can’t wait to take
    a look when I get home. I’m amazed at how fast your
    blog loaded on my phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G ..
    Anyways, great blog!

    Like

  45. I used to be recommended this web site by my cousin. I am not sure whether this put up
    is written via him as no one else know such distinctive about my problem.
    You’re amazing! Thanks!

    Like

  46. Tremendous things here. I am very satisfied to see your article.
    Thanks a lot and I’m having a look ahead to contact you. Will you please drop me a mail?

    Like

  47. Thank you for every other informative web site.

    Where else may just I get that type of info written in such a
    perfect method? I have a undertaking that I’m simply now operating on, and
    I’ve been at the glance out for such info.

    Like

  48. It’s going to be ending of mine day, however before finish I am reading
    this fantastic piece of writing to improve my knowledge.

    Like

  49. excellent post, very informative. I’m wondering why the other experts of this sector do not realize this.
    You should continue your writing. I’m sure, you’ve a huge readers’
    base already!

    Like

  50. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own blog and
    was wondering what all is needed to get setup?
    I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
    I’m not very web savvy so I’m not 100% positive. Any tips or
    advice would be greatly appreciated. Kudos

    Like

  51. Hello, Neat post. There is an issue together with your
    website in internet explorer, may check this? IE still is
    the market leader and a good portion of other people will pass over your magnificent writing because of this
    problem.

    Like

  52. Wow! This blog looks exactly like my old one! It’s on a
    entirely different topic but it has pretty much the same
    layout and design. Great choice of colors!

    Like

  53. My spouse and I stumbled over here different web page and thought I might as well check things out.
    I like what I see so now i’m following you.

    Look forward to finding out about your web page again.

    Like

  54. hello there and thank you for your info – I have certainly picked up something
    new from right here. I did however expertise some technical points using
    this web site, as I experienced to reload the web site lots of times
    previous to I could get it to load properly.
    I had been wondering if your web host is OK?
    Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances
    times will often affect your placement in google and can damage your quality score if advertising and marketing with
    Adwords. Well I’m adding this RSS to my e-mail and can look out for much more of your respective interesting content.

    Ensure that you update this again very soon.

    Like

  55. This is very attention-grabbing, You are an overly skilled blogger.
    I’ve joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your excellent post.
    Also, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks

    Like

  56. Excellent post! We will be linking to this great article
    on our site. Keep up the good writing.

    Like

  57. Very interesting information!Perfect just what I was looking for!

    Like

  58. What’s up, its pleasant post regarding media print, we all know
    media is a impressive source of facts.

    Like

  59. Hello! Someone in my Myspace group shared this website with
    us so I came to give it a look. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m bookmarking and
    will be tweeting this to my followers! Superb blog and terrific design.

    Like

  60. An intriguing discussion is definitely worth comment.

    I do think that you need to publish more about this issue, it
    might not be a taboo subject but generally people do not talk
    about such topics. To the next! All the best!!

    Like

  61. My partner and I stumbled over here by a different page and thought I might check things out.
    I like what I see so i am just following you. Look forward to checking
    out your web page again.

    Like

  62. I think the admin of this web page is in fact working hard in favor
    of his website, for the reason that here every data is quality based data.

    Like

  63. Loving the information on this web site, you have carried out excellent
    job on the posts.

    Like

  64. I could not resist commenting. Well written!

    Like

  65. Good day! I just would like to offer you a big thumbs up for the excellent info
    you have right here on this post. I will be coming back to your website for
    more soon.

    Like

  66. You’ve made some really good points there. I checked on the
    web to find out more about the issue and found most individuals will go along
    with your views on this website.

    Like

  67. I like the helpful info you provide in your articles.
    I’ll bookmark your blog and check again here regularly.
    I am quite certain I’ll learn a lot of new stuff right here!
    Best of luck for the next!

    Like

  68. See post called “Notes from the Author”

    Like

  69. This is a very good tip especially to those new to the blogosphere.
    Brief but very accurate info Many thanks for sharing this one.
    A must read article!

    Like

  70. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article author for your
    weblog. You have some really good posts and I feel I would be a good asset.

    If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d
    love to write some content for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.
    Please blast me an email if interested. Regards!

    Like

  71. It’s the best time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be
    happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you few interesting things or advice.
    Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this
    article. I wish to read more things about it!

    Like

  72. We are a gaggle of volunteers and starting a brand new scheme in our community.

    Your web site provided us with valuable info to work on. You have performed an impressive
    job and our entire community shall be grateful to you.

    Like

  73. Hello There. I found your blog the use of msn. That is a very neatly written article.
    I’ll make sure to bookmark it and return to read extra of your helpful information. Thanks for the post.
    I’ll certainly comeback.

    Like

  74. Great blog here! Also your web site loads up fast! What host are you using?
    Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I
    wish my web site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

    Like

  75. I am curious to find out what blog platform you are
    using? I’m experiencing some minor security issues with my latest site and I would like to find
    something more safeguarded. Do you have any suggestions?

    Like

  76. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and
    wished to say that I’ve really enjoyed browsing your blog posts.
    After all I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!

    Like

  77. I’d should talk to you here. Which is not some thing I do!
    I really like reading a post which can make individuals believe.
    Additionally, thanks enabling me to comment!

    Like

  78. I had been honored to receive a call from a friend as he found the important guidelines shared on the
    site. Browsing your blog post is a true wonderful experience.
    Many thanks for considering readers like me, and
    I wish you the best.

    Like

  79. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d without a
    doubt donate to this fantastic blog! I suppose for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS feed
    to my Google account. I look forward to brand new updates and
    will share this website with my Facebook group.
    Talk soon!

    Like

  80. I have fun with, cause I discovered just what I was having a look for.
    You have ended my 4 day long hunt! God Bless you
    man. Have a nice day. Bye

    Like

  81. Hello there, just became alert to your blog through Google,
    and found that it’s truly informative. I’m going to watch out for brussels.
    I will appreciate if you continue this in future. A lot of people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

    Like

  82. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I’ve really enjoyed surfing around your blog
    posts. In any case I’ll be subscribing to your rss feed and
    I hope you write again very soon!

    Like

  83. Many thanks for helping out, outstanding information.

    Like

  84. Wow I enjoy reading your articles, saved to bookmarks!

    Like

  85. Generally I do not read article on blogs, but I would like to say
    that this write-up very compelled me to try and do so!
    Your writing style has been surprised me. Thanks, very nice
    article.

    Like

  86. WOW just what I was searching for. Came here
    by searching for cheap ugg boots

    Like

  87. Excellent post, I’m looking forward to hear more from you!!

    Like

  88. I think this is among the most important info for me.
    And i’m satisfied reading your post. The website looks nice,
    the articles are superb.

    Like

  89. Can I simply say what a comfort to discover someone who truly understands what they’re discussing on the
    net. You actually know how to bring an issue to light and make it important.
    More people have to look at this and understand this side of the
    story. I was surprised you’re not more popular because you most certainly have the gift.

    Like

  90. You have noted terribly attention-grabbing things. Thanks for sharing.

    Like

  91. Helpful info. Lucky me I discovered your site by chance, and I am shocked why
    this accident did not happened earlier! I bookmarked
    it.

    Like

  92. For hottest information you have to pay a quick visit world-wide-web and
    on the web I found this web page as a most excellent web page for
    most up-to-date updates.

    Like

  93. For the reason that the admin of this site is working, no doubt very soon it will be
    renowned, due to its feature contents.

    Like

  94. I do believe all of the ideas you have presented for your post.
    They’re very convincing and can definitely work.
    Nonetheless, the posts are very short for newbies.
    Could you please prolong them a little from subsequent time?

    Thank you for the post.

    Like

  95. Hello there, You’ve done a fantastic job. I will certainly digg it and personally recommend to my friends.

    I’m confident they’ll be benefited from this web site.

    Like

  96. whoah this blog is wonderful i love studying your articles.
    Stay up the good work! You understand, many people are hunting round for this info, you could help them greatly.

    Like

  97. Hi just wanted to give you a quick heads up and let you
    know a few of the pictures aren’t loading correctly.

    I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue.
    I’ve tried it in two different internet browsers and both show the same results.

    Like

  98. Peculiar article, exactly what I was looking for.

    Like

  99. Hi there! Wonderful stuff, please keep me posted when you post something just like this!

    Like

  100. Have you ever thought about including a little bit more
    than just your articles? I mean, what you say is valuable and everything.

    Nevertheless think of if you added some great visuals or video clips to give your posts more, “pop”!

    Your content is excellent but with pics and videos, this blog could definitely be one of the most beneficial in its field.

    Wonderful blog!

    Like

  101. wonderful publish, very informative. I ponder why the opposite experts of this sector don’t notice this.
    You must proceed your writing. I’m sure, you have a huge readers’ base already!

    Like

  102. This is a topic which is near to my heart… Best wishes!
    Where are your contact details though?

    Like

  103. I every time spent my half an hour to read this weblog’s articles all the time along with a cup of coffee.

    Like

  104. Your style is unique in comparison to other people I have read stuff from.
    Thank you for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I’ll just book
    mark this page.

    Like

  105. We are a group of volunteers and opening a brand
    new scheme in our community. Your website offered us with helpful info to
    work on. You’ve performed an impressive process and our whole neighborhood can be
    thankful to you.

    Like

  106. I was suggested this blog by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else
    know such detailed about my trouble. You are amazing!

    Thanks!

    Like

  107. Please let me know if you’re looking for a author for
    your weblog. You have some really great articles and
    I feel I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d really like to write some material for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.
    Please blast me an email if interested. Kudos!

    Like

  108. Hey, I think your site might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your blog site in Opera, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer,
    it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you
    a quick heads up! Other then that, awesome blog!

    Like

  109. Superb, what a wsbsite it is! This webpahe gives useful information to us, keepp iit up.

    Like

  110. I haven’t checked in here for a little while because I was thinking it was getting
    dull, but the last few posts are really good quality thus I guess I’ll add you back to my day-to-day
    bloglist. You deserve it my buddy.

    Like

  111. You have quite a excellent website, Glad I discovered it through search engines.

    Like

  112. Innovation is one method to flex the mind along with support a person wwho wants
    tto lijve in thee house.

    Like

  113. I like this website a lot, It’s a really nice situation to read and obtain information and tips.

    Like

  114. Wow! I’m truly enjoying the design and style of your website.
    Are you using a customized theme or is this freely available
    to all users? If you really don’t want to say the
    name of it out in the public, please be sure to e-mail me at:
    ricky.cudmore@veryspeedy.net. I’d love to get my hands on this theme!
    Thanks a lot.

    Like

  115. I truly value your work. Great post.

    Like

  116. Hello! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a
    collection of volunteers and starting a new initiative
    in a community in the same niche. Your blog provided us useful
    information to work on. You have done a wonderful job!

    Like

  117. I just like this site so much, saved to favorites.

    Like

  118. Peculiar article, totally what I was looking for.

    Like

  119. Great goods from you, man. I’ve take into account your stuff previous to and you’re simply too great.
    I really like what you have acquired here, really like what you are stating and
    the way through which you are saying it. You are making it entertaining
    and you continue to care for to stay it wise. I can’t wait to
    learn much more from you. This is really a great
    website.

    Like

  120. What’s up it’s me, I am also visiting this site daily, this web page is
    actually fastidious and the users are actually sharing
    good thoughts.

    Like

  121. Appreciating the time and effort you put into your blog and in depth
    information you present. It’s good to come across a blog every once in a
    while that isn’t the same out of date rehashed information. Excellent read!
    I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m including your RSS feeds to my Google account.

    Like

  122. Hi to every body, it’s my first visit of this blog;
    this webpage carries amazing and actually excellent material in support of visitors.

    Like

  123. Hi to every one, the contents present at this web site are actually amazing for people experience, well, keep up the nice work fellows.

    Like

  124. Hello! I’m at work browsing your blog from my new iphone!
    Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to all your posts!
    Keep up the great work!

    Like

  125. Good day! Do you know if they make any plugins to protect against hackers?
    I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any
    suggestions?

    Like

  126. A motivating discussion is worth comment. I do believe that
    you should write more on this subject matter, it may not be a taboo subject but usually folks don’t
    speak about such subjects. To the next! All the best!!

    Like

  127. Hi! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any issues with hackers?
    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing several
    weeks of hard work due to no data backup.
    Do you have any solutions to prevent hackers?

    Like

  128. I have learn a few just right stuff here. Definitely value bookmarking for revisiting.
    I surprise how so much effort you place to make this type of fantastic informative site.

    Like

Trackbacks

  1. Jazz Improvisation | Music Notes from Wonder of Sound
%d bloggers like this: